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FOMC Meeting Announcement  
Released On 3/15/2017 2:00:00 PM
PriorConsensusConsensus RangeActual
Federal Funds Rate - Target Level0.50 to 0.75 %0.875 %0.75 % to 1.00 %0.75 to 1.00 %

Highlights
Two more rate hikes this year are still the call after the FOMC did what it was expected to today, raise the federal funds target range by 25 basis points to 0.75 and 1.00 percent. The outlook for rest of the year is unchanged in the FOMC forecasts, still at 1.4 percent for the federal funds rate which works out to two more 25 basis point hikes.

Change in statement language is centered in inflation which policy makers, based on the very gradual curve higher for the core rate, see stabilizing around their 2 percent target. They acknowledge that total inflation is already close to 2 percent though the core, which excludes food and importantly energy which has been on the climb, remains "somewhat below" target.

Another change is the description of business investment which they say has "firmed somewhat" from their January meeting when it was described as soft. Otherwise there are no significant changes with the economic expansion described once again as moderate, the labor market solid and continuing to strengthen, household spending on a moderate rise, consumer and business sentiment improved. Near-term risks are once again described as balanced and there is no mention of winding down the Fed's $4.5 trillion balance sheet. And of course there is no direct reference to the timing of the next rate hike.

The vote was 9 to 1 with Minneapolis' Kashkari voting for no hike. The results are neutral to expectations, with the Fed still confident it's not behind the inflation curve and willing to hold their cards close to their chest. Treasury rates are falling as is the dollar in early reaction. The Dow is rising slightly following the announcement.

Recent History Of This Indicator
Having met their employment goals and with inflation nearly at target, the FOMC is expected to raise rates at their March meeting by 25 basis points to a range of 0.75 to 1.00 percent. This would be the 3rd rate hike this cycle. The Beige Book, which was compiled for this meeting, continued to describe economic activity as no better than modest to moderate though strong post-election confidence was noted and, importantly, that available labor is growing scarcer. Prospects of rising government stimulus have yet to affect policy as FOMC members wait for related efforts to take form in Washington. This meeting will include updated quarterly forecasts and a Janet Yellen press conference.

Definition
The Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) is the policy-making arm of the Federal Reserve. It determines short-term interest rates in the U.S. when it decides the overnight rate that banks pay each other for borrowing reserves when a bank has a shortfall in required reserves. This rate is the fed funds rate. The FOMC also determines whether the Fed should add or subtract liquidity in credit markets separately from that related to changes in the fed funds rate. The Fed announces its policy decision (typically whether to change the fed funds target rate) at the end of each FOMC meeting. This is the FOMC announcement. The announcement also includes brief comments on the FOMC's views on the economy and how many FOMC members voted for and how many voted against the policy decision. Since the last recession, the statement also includes information on Fed purchases of assets, so-called "quantitative easing", which affects longer-term interest rates. Also, a key part of the announcement is guidance on potential changes in policy rates or asset purchases.  Why Investors Care
 
[Chart]
The Fed closely monitors the core PCE price index to indicate whether or not policy is approximately correct, overly accommodative, or too restrictive. The PCE price index is preferred to the CPI because it is more closely aligned to the cost of living than the CPI [which measures a fixed basket of goods & services.] This chart covers monthly data and the fed funds target rate reflects the monthly average. As such, it will not correspond to the most recent fed funds rate target
Data Source: Haver Analytics
 

2017 Release Schedule
Released On: 2/13/155/36/147/269/2011/112/13
 


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